More than 200 years ago, volcano ‘Tambora’ erupted in Indonesia. The eruption was horrific, the dust spread across the planet and one year later, it darkened the atmosphere. That is why 1816 was called “the year without summer”. As the weather forecasts had not seen this coming, people still had summer holiday plans and this is what this story is about.
Snow and ice are not only beautiful, they are also very important. Surprisingly, this is because of their colour; because both snow and ice are white. And everything that is white on Earth, keeps our climate in balance ensuring that it does not get too cold or too hot.
Climate change presents the single biggest threat to sustainable development everywhere and its widespread, unprecedented impacts disproportionately burden the poorest and most vulnerable.
Urgent action to halt climate change and deal with its impacts is integral to the successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
At the opening of COP23, Patricia Espinosa outlined the work governments will be looking to address in Bonn – above all to take the next essential steps to ensure that the Paris Agreement’s operating system is completed in time and ways and means to implement it are strengthened. This is essential so that the ultimate goal of the Paris Agreement can be achieved – to hold the global average temperature rise from pre-industrial time to well below 2 degrees Celsius and as close as possible to 1.5 degrees.